Skip to main content

Kōrero: Te Whānau-ā-Apanui

He tangata waimarie a Apanui Ringamutu, te tipuna taketake o Te Whānau-ā-Apanui. I a ia e taitama ana ka tukuna ki a ia he rohe whenua i Te Tai Rāwhiti tae atu ki te awa o Mōtū. Nā ōna uri whakaheke te whenua i tāmata. Ko ngā hua o te patu tohorā ka whakahokia anō ngā painga mā te hapori. I ēnei rā, whakahaerehia ai e Te Whānau-ā-Apanui ōna rawa hao ika, poraka whenua paina me ētahi atu umanga whai hua.

Story by Roka Paora
Te āhua nui: Apanui Ringamutu

Story Summary

Ngā whakaahua

Te rohe

Ko te rohe o Te Whānau-ā-Apanui iwi kei te Tai Rāwhiti, kei te kūititanga atu i Te Taumata-ō-Apanui ki Pōtaka. He wāhi nui te moutere o Whakaari rāua ko te maunga o Whanokao ki te iwi.

Apanui Ringamutu

Ko te whāea o Apanui ko Rongomaihuatahi i heke mai i a Porourangi, te tipuna nui o Ngāti Porou, nō te waka o Horouta. Ko tōna matua a Tūrīrangi he uri nō Tamatekapua o te waka Te Arawa, rāua ko Ngāriki o te waka Tauira. I te wā i kawea e Rongomaihuatahi a Apanui kia kite i ōna whanaunga i Ōmāio, ka tukuna he whenua ki a ia. Nā ōna toto rangatira ka tapaina te iwi o taua takiwā ki tōna ingoa arā, Te Whānau-ā-Apanui.

Tokowhā ngā wāhine a Apanui, tokomaha āna tamariki, mokopuna. Ka whakanuia tana tama a Tūkākī i roto i ngā kōrero o ngā whakairo me ngā tukutuku o te wharenui kei Te Kaha. Ā tōna wā ka tū a Tamahae, te tama a Tūkākī, ko te tino toa o te iwi.

Te patu tohorā

I ngā tekau tau o 1820, o 1830 ka akona e ngā kaipatu tohorā Pākehā te iwi ki te patu tohorā. He ahumahi nui tēnei mō Te Whānau-ā-Apanui i ngā tau tōmua o te rau tau atu i 1900. Ka tōia ngā tohorā ki uta, ka tahuna kia rewa te hinu ki ngā kōhua nui rawa atu.

Ngā mahi ahuwhenua

I te rau tau 1900 ka tahia te whenua hei pāmu kau, pāmu hipi, miraka kau hoki. I roto i ngā tau, tokotoru ngā tāngata o te iwi kua toa i te Ipu Ahuwhenua. Engari i te tekau tau atu i 1980 ka uaua te whai oranga i ngā pāmu ririki.

Te Whānau-ā-Apanui i tēnei rā

I te rau tau 1900, tokomaha ngā tāngata i hūnuku ki ngā tāone, ki tāwāhi hoki ki te kimi oranga mō rātou. Hāunga tērā ka noho tonu ētahi ki te rohe. Nō te tekau tau atu i 1990 kua whakatūria e te mana whakahaere, e Te Rūnanga-o-te-Whānau, ētahi whakahaerenga hao ika. I tua atu kei te whakahaerehia ngā umanga whai hua pēnei i ngā ngahere paina me ngā ratonga āwhina ki te hapori.

Tatū ki te tau 2013, tata ki te 13,000 ngā uri o Te Whānau-ā-Apanui.

Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Roka Paora, 'Te Whānau-ā-Apanui', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/te-whanau-a-apanui (accessed 20 November 2017)

Story by Roka Paora, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 10 Feb 2015