Immigration: refuge and resettlement
In 1975, the Communist Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, threw Cambodia into turmoil by abolishing money, schools and the right to own private property. They ordered people out of the towns and cities, forcing millions to work on the land. Almost 2 million died of starvation, exhaustion and malnutrition, while others were tortured or killed. Hundreds of thousands fled to refuge in other countries.
New Zealand accepted over 4,600 Cambodian refugees between 1975 and 1992. Groups of students had also come on scholarships in the early 1970s, and stayed. Although it is still one of the smaller ethnic groups in New Zealand, the Cambodian community has grown quickly, from just 41 in the early 1970s, to 8,601 in 2013.
Fitting in: work, community and culture
As numbers have increased, Cambodian culture has become more visible. But life has not been easy for the immigrants. Many did not speak English well, and had no experience of the kinds of work that were available in New Zealand. Most toiled in manual and processing jobs, including those who had professional qualifications.
Community associations now flourish in the country’s main centres. Such groups play a large part in keeping the community together by participating in festivals and providing places to celebrate religion and culture.
The Theravada Buddhist religion is still followed by most Cambodians in New Zealand. Children can learn the language of their homeland by joining Khmer language classes.