Kōrero: Ngā mātāpono o te tiriti

Whārangi 5. Ngā mātāpono i hangaia e te Karauna

Ngā whakaahua

I te tau 1989 ko te kāwanatanga Reipa te kāwanatanga tuatahi ki te whakatakoto i ētahi mātāpono hei ārahi i ana mahi e pā ana ki te tiriti.

Ko ngā mātāpono ēnei:

  • kei te kāwanatanga te mana kāwanatanga, mana hanga ture
  • kei te iwi te mana ki te whakarite i a rātou anō me te whakarite i ā rātou rawa
  • he ōrite ngā tāngata katoa o Aotearoa
  • me kōrero tahi te kāwanatanga me ngā iwi mō ngā kaupapa nui e pā ana ki a rātou
  • kei te kāwanatanga te kawenga ki te whakarato i ngā huarahi hei whakaea i ngā nawe, otirā me tūmanako e ia ka taea te whakaea.

Tae noa ki te tau 2011, kāore tētahi kāwanatanga atu i whakamārama i ētahi mātāpono tiriti hou, engari i hoki atu ētahi (pērā i a Nāhinara i te tau 1991) ki ngā mātāpono i puta i te tau 1989.

He āwhina mō te Tiriti

Kua puta te whakahē a ētahi Māori ki ngā mātāpono hanga a te kāwanatanga, me te whakapae kei te hanga houtia e ia te Tiriti i raro i te tirohanga kotahi. Heoi ka kaupare tonu te Pirimia a David Lange i ngā tao kupu mō ngā mātāpono, ā, ka whakahokia ‘ko ōna kaupapa he āwhina i te kāwanatanga ki te whakatau take e pā ana ki te Tiriti.’1

Te tohe i ngā mātāpono

I te whakaurunga tuatahi o ngā mātāpono tiriti ki te ture i te tau 1975, ka whakatau tētahi māngai Paremata ‘mā aua mātāpono e whakapātaritari, e wehewehe te motu’.2 I te tau 2006 ka hora a Aotearoa Tuatahi i te Pire Whakakore i ngā Mātāpono o te Tiriti o Waitangi’. Ko te matū o te pire ‘ko te whakakore i te hapa i pā ki ngā iwi katoa i te tau 1986, arā, i te whakaurunga o ngā mātāpono o te Tiriti o Waitangi ki roto ki te ture.’ Ka hinga taua pire, ā, ka noho tonu ngā kōrero mō ngā mātāpono tiriti ki roto ki te ture. Ko te Rōpū Whakamana i te Tiriti o Waitangi, ko ngā kōti rā hoki ka whakamārama haere tonu i ngā mātāpono o te Tiriti o Waitangi.

Kupu tāpiri
  1. Tohutoro Matthew Palmer, The Treaty of Waitangi in New Zealand’s law and constitution. Te Whanganui-a-Tara: Victoria University Press, 2008, p. 139. Back
  2. New Zealand Parliamentary Debates (Hansard), 1975, No. 33, p. 4,345. Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Janine Hayward, 'Ngā mātāpono o te tiriti - Ngā mātāpono i hangaia e te Karauna', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/nga-matapono-o-te-tiriti/page-5 (accessed 16 September 2019)

Story by Janine Hayward, published 20 Jun 2012