Kōrero: Ngā iwi o Te Tau Ihu

Rangitāne o Wairau

Rangitāne o Wairau

Ko Te Wairau te kāinga o Rangitāne o Wairau. Ko tēnei tirohanga ki te tonga, ki ngā repo o Wairau me Vernon, tae rawa atu ki te Parinui o Whiti. He mahinga kai nui ngā repo nei i ōna rā, ā, he maha ngā pā. Nā ngā tīpuna tōmua o Rangitāne o Wairau ētahi awarua i keri. Ko te kōrero a Rangitāne o Wairau, koinei tō rātou ‘Vatican’. Kei te pūaha o te awa ētahi keringa mātai whaipara tangata o te ‘iwi whai moa’; i tangohia ētahi taonga i konei, kei te puritia ki te Whare Taonga o Waitaha.

What\'s you story?

Tapuae o Uenuku te maunga, Wairau te awa, Raukawakawa te moana, Huataki te tangata, tini whetū ki te rangi ko Rangitāne nui ki te whenua.

Tapuae o Uenuku te maunga, Wairau te awa, Raukawakawa te moana, Huataki te tangata, tini whetū ki te rangi ko Rangitāne nui ki te whenua.

Ko Rangitāne o Wairau tētahi o ngā iwi nui o te rohe o Te Tau Ihu o te Waka a Māui. Ko te ingoa ake o Te Wairau (Nelson) ko Ngā Wairau o Ruatere, mō ngā kōawa, awa, repo, roto, wahapū puta noa i Te Wairau. He nui te kai i ēnei wai, he mātaitai, he ika, he manu.

Arā ngā whakamārama a tēnā, a tēnā mō te heke o Rangitāne i Te Wairarapa ki Te Wairau. Ko Ngāi Tara me Ngāti Māmoe ngā iwi kāinga i Te Wairau i taua wā. I ahu mai ēnei iwi i Te Wairarapa, he whanaunga hoki ki a Rangitāne. He rangatira nui a Te Huataki o Rangitāne i Te Wairarapa. Nā te āwhā ka kāhakina tōna waka i Te Mātakitaki-a-Kupe (Cape Palliser) ka whiua ki ngā wai tāpokopoko o Te Moana o Raukawa, tau rawa atu ki Anamahanga i Te Tau Ihu o te Waka-a-Māui.

Ka huri āwhio a Te Huataki rātou ko tōna iwi i Te Wairau, i mua i te hokinga ki Te Whanganui-a-Tara. I te hokinga, nāna te iwi i whakakīkī kia hūnuku ki te whenua mōmona rā i Te Tau Ihu o te Waka a Māui. Heoi, i te tōmuatanga o te rau tau atu i 1500, ka tīmata ngā heke a Rangitāne. Ko Te Huataki rātou ko Te Whakamana, ko Tukanae, ko Te Rerewa ngā rangatira i ēnei heke. Ka hōrapa te iwi nei ki ngā rohe i te pito raki o Te Wai Pounamu, ka moemoe ki a Ngāi Tara me Ngāti Māmoe. Nāwai, ā, ka toitū te mana o Rangitāne hei iwi nui ki ēnei whenua.

Nō te tau 1773 ka ū a Kāpene Kuki ki Tōtaranui (Queen Charlotte Sound). Koinei te tuatahitanga o ngā tūtakitanga a te iwi o Rangitāne ki te Pākehā. Nō muri i a Kāpene Kuki, ko d’Urville rāua ko Bellingshausen, ko ngā kaipatu kēkeno me ngā kaipatu tohorā. Heoi, ko te pānga kino, mōrearea rawa atu o te ao Pākehā ki runga i a Rangitāne, ko ngā taua mau pū i whakaeke mai i ngā tau tōmua o te rau tau 1800. Tini te iwi o Rangitāne ka hinga i te mahi a te pū.

Nō te 17 o ngā rā o Pēpuere i te tau 1840, ka hainatia te Tiriti o Waitangi e Īhāia Kaikōura ki Te Koko-a-Kupe (Cloudy Bay). Nō te marama o Pēpuere i te tau 1856 ka hokona e Rangitāne he whenua ki te Karauna. E 33 ngā uri o Rangitāne nā rātou i hoko mō te kotahi rau pāuna, ngā whenua mai i te pūaha o te awa o Te Wairau ki te awa o Arahura i te tuawhenua o Te Tai Poutini. Ko te tikanga, ka wehea e te Karauna he whenua rāhui e 20 maero tapawhā hei nōhanga mō te iwi. Hauwarea atu tēnei. I whakahokia e Rangitāne te kotahi rau pāuna rā ki te Karauna hei pupuri i te whenua. Hāunga tērā, tē hoki mai o ngā whenua. Ka noho tēnei hei take ongaonga mō Rangitāne tae rawa ki ēnei rā.

Ahakoa ngā whakamātautau i ngā rau tau e whā kua pahemo, e mau tonu ana a Rangitāne ki te mana whenua mai i a Te Huataki, i a Te Whakamana, i a Tukanae.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

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Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Hilary Mitchell and John Mitchell, 'Ngā iwi o Te Tau Ihu - Ngā iwi o Kurahaupō ki Te Tau Ihu', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/community-contribution/17803/rangitane-o-wairau (accessed 26 September 2020)

He kōrero nā Hilary Mitchell and John Mitchell, i tāngia i te 8 Feb 2005, updated 22 Mar 2017