Kōrero: Kaitiakitanga

Whārangi 4. Kaitiaki

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Ko te pūtake o te kupu kaitiakitanga ko te tiaki. Ko te tikanga o te tiaki ko te atawhai, ko te manaaki, ko te ārai, ko te whakamarumaru. Nā reira ka takea mai te kupu tiaki i ngā whakaaro mō te manaaki me te ārai, nā reira te matatika mō te tiaki.

Te tūranga o te kaitiaki

Ko te kaitiaki he tangata he rōpū rānei ka noho ki te manaaki, ki te atawhai, ki te ārai, ki te tiaki. Ko ngā atua ngā kaitiaki tūturu o te ao Māori – hei tauira atu, ko Tāne te atua o te wao nui, ko tāna he tiaki i te wao me ngā mea katoa ki roto. Ka whai ngā kaitiaki katoa o muri mai i te tauira he mea takoto e ngā atua.

Ko te maha o ngā hapū me ngā whānau ka noho hei kaitiaki mō tētahi wāhi pēnei i tētahi roto i tētahi ngahere rānei. Ka ngana rātou ki te pupuri i ngā taonga o te taiao, ki te whakaea i ngā pānga kino ki te taiao, ki te pupuri hoki i ngā kōrero tuku iho.

Te hunga tiaki

Ko te kupu a ngā iwi o Te Arawa mō te kaitiaki ko te ‘hunga tiaki’. Anei te whakamārama a Huhana Mihinui.

Ka whakamahi a Te Arawa i te kupu ‘hunga’, kāpā te ‘kai’, whai anō te ‘hunga tiaki’. Ko te tikanga o te ‘hunga’ ko tētahi rōpū he kotahi ō rātou whakaaro. Ka hāngai hoki te kupu ‘hunga’ ki runga i ngā kawenga o te hapori. Kāore e puta tēnei tirohanga i te kupu ‘kai’. I tua atu, ka kawea e te ‘hunga tiaki’ ngā whakaaro mō te manaaki manuhiri, te whakahaere me te ārai. Ka arongia te mana whenua o te hunga tiaki. 1

Ētahi atu kaitiaki

Ka āhei te noho a ētahi kararehe hei kaitiaki. Anei te whakamārama a Tāmati Ranapiri he kaumātua o Ngāti Raukawa mō tēnei āhuatanga:

Ko te manu taupunga ka noho mataara i te wā e kai ana te kāhui. Ka noho te manu taupunga ki te tiaki i te rākau e kainga ana; ki te tata mai he manu kē ki te kai, ka panaa e ia. 2
Kupu tāpiri
  1. Huhana Mihinui, ‘Hutia te rito o te harakeke: a flaxroots understanding of resource management.’ Kei Whenua: managing our resources, ētita Merata Kāwharu. Tāmaki-makau-rau: Reed, 2002, wh. 22–23. › Back
  2. Tāmati Ranapiri, Reta ki a Elsdon Best, 15 Hānuere 1895. MS Papers 1187-271, Alexander Turnbull Library, Te Whanganui-a-Tara. › Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal, 'Kaitiakitanga - Kaitiaki', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/kaitiakitanga/page-4 (accessed 20 November 2019)

He kōrero nā Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal, i tāngia i te 24 Sep 2007