Kōrero: Te auahatanga o te whenua

Whārangi 6. Ngā roto, ngā awa, ngā whanga

Ngā whakaahua

Ngā roto i Ngā Puke Māeroero

Ko Ngā Puke Māeroero te tuahiwi o Te Wai Pounamu. He maha ngā kōrero a ngā iwi mō tēnei pae maunga.

Ko tētahi o ngā kōrero whakahirahira a ngā iwi o Te Wai Pounamu mō Rākaihautū, nāna nei ngā roto kei ngā maunga i whakairo me tana kō. I ū tōna waka a Uruao ki te takiwā o Whakatū. Kātahi ia ka hīkoi ki Motueka, ko te tīmatanga tērā o tana haerenga roa mā ngā maunga kia tae ki te tonga. He maha ngā roto i keria e ia i tana haerenga, arā ko:

  • Rotoiti
  • Rotoroa
  • Takapō (Tekapo)
  • Pūkaki
  • Ōhau
  • Wānaka
  • Wakatipu
  • Manawapōuri (Manapōuri)

Whāia, ka huri te ara o Rākaihautū ki te uru, me tana auaha roto, hōpua, arā, ko:

  • Waihora (Waihola)
  • Muriwai (Coopers Lagoon)
  • Waihora (Lake Ellesmere)
  • Wairewa (Lake Forsyth)

Ka nui te kai ki Waihora (Lake Ellesmere), koirā te take ka kīia taua wāhi ko Te Kete-ika-a-Rākaihautū.

Te Whanganui-a-Tara

He rite a Te Whanganui-a-Tara ki te maha o ngā rohenga wai, i nōhia e te taniwha. Nā ēnei taniwha i hanga ētahi o ngā wāhi kei reira. E rua ngā taniwha o tēnei whanga, ko Whātaitai (te tapa tāone o Hātaitai i ēnei rā) rāua ko Ngake. I tētahi rā e kauhoe ana te tokorua nei i te pūaha o te whanga, ka rū; ka ngarue te whenua, ka ngaoko te moana. Nā te rū ka puea ake he whenua i te wai, paea ana a Whātaitai ki te one; koia tērā ko te kūititanga e tūhono ana i a Motukairangi (Miramar) ki te tuawhenua.

Ka pōuri a Ngake, ka kauhoe ki te pito raki-mā-rāwhiti o te whanga (tata ki Seaview), ki reira piu ai i tana hiku, ko tana putanga tērā ki te moana. Waihoki, ka whakamanu a Ngake i a ia, ka rere ki te tihi o Tangi-te-keo (Mt Victoria), ki reira mōteatea ai ki tōna hoa a Whātaitai.

Ngā pūrākau taniwha

He rahi ngā kōrero mō ngā roto me ngā whanga nā te taniwha i auaha. Ko te kōrero a Ngāi Tūhoe, nā te okeoke a Haumapuhia ka hangaa a Waikaremoana, kei te tonga mā-rāwhiti o tō rātou rohe. Nā tōna matua tonu, nā Māhū a Haumapuhia i huri hei taniwha. Whāia, ka okeoke a Haumapuhia kia puta ki te moana, ko te auahatanga tērā o ngā whanga o Waikaremoana.

Te Āpiti

He huarahi haere a Te Āpiti (Manawatū Gorge) kei ngā pae maunga o Tararua, o Ruahine. Ko Te Aurere-a-te-tonga te awa, ko Te Aunui-a-tonga te wai rere. Kei waenganui pū i a Te Āpiti e tū ana tētahi toka tapu, ko Te Ahu-o-Tūranga.

Ko tēnei kōrero nā Rangitāne mō te hangatanga o te āpiti me te whakatakere o te awa o Manawatū:

I te wā tuauri whāioio, tērā tētahi tōtara nui whakaharahara ka tipu ki te pae maunga o Puketoi i Te Matau-a-Māui. Nāwai ā, ka uru tētahi tipua ki roto i taua rākau; ko Okatia te ingoa o taua tipua. Kātahi ka tīmata te rākau rā ki te korikori. Ka tukia e Okatia he hawai ki te raki-mā-uru; ka tae ki ngā maunga o Tararua, o Ruahine e aukati ana i tōna huarahi. Kia ahatia! Ka huri te taniwha rā ki te uru, ka tukituki ara mōna i ngā pae maunga o Tararua me Ruahine, kia pakaru atu ki te tai hauāuru.1

Kupu tāpiri
  1. J. M. McEwan, Rangitane: a tribal history. Auckland: Reed Methuen, 1986, p. 1. › Back
Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal, 'Te auahatanga o te whenua - Ngā roto, ngā awa, ngā whanga', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/te-auahatanga-o-te-whenua/page-6 (accessed 21 May 2019)

Story by Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal, published 12 Jun 2006