Kōrero: Population change

Large family, 1889

Large family, 1889

Pākehā fertility was high in the 19th century because most women married, and at young ages. Fertility peaked in the 1870s at seven births per woman and nine births per married woman. By the time the Robertsons of Riverton in Southland were photographed in 1889, fertility was declining, so this impressive brood would have exceeded the norm.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Alexander Turnbull Library, Wallace Early Settlers Association Collection
Reference: 1/2-066205-F

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Ian Pool and Natalie Jackson, 'Population change - Key population trends', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/28723/large-family-1889 (accessed 5 August 2020)

He kōrero nā Ian Pool and Natalie Jackson, i tāngia i te 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 23 Aug 2018 with assistance from Natalie Jackson