The number of Māori aged 14 and under increased as child mortality rates declined and fertility rates remained high. The Māori child population peaked in the mid-1960s (when it was larger than the working-age population of 15–64-year-olds), but then decreased relative to the other age groups. The older population (65 and over) increased more significantly at the end of the 20th century. The total Māori population grew rapidly after the Second World War.
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Source: Ian Pool, Te iwi Maori: a New Zealand population, past, present & projected. Auckland: Auckland University Press, 1991; Statistics New Zealand