Story: Population change

Large family, 1889

Large family, 1889

Pākehā fertility was high in the 19th century because most women married, and at young ages. Fertility peaked in the 1870s at seven births per woman and nine births per married woman. By the time the Robertsons of Riverton in Southland were photographed in 1889, fertility was declining, so this impressive brood would have exceeded the norm.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, Wallace Early Settlers Association Collection
Reference: 1/2-066205-F

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Ian Pool and Natalie Jackson, 'Population change - Key population trends', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 23 June 2024)

Story by Ian Pool and Natalie Jackson, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 23 Aug 2018 with assistance from Natalie Jackson