Ōkārito soils, found throughout the West Coast, developed from glacial outwash under low scrub vegetation and rainfall of about 5,000 millimetres per year. Deep topsoil overlays a light-grey, gleyed, poorly drained horizon. Just above the water is the strongly cemented, brownish-red iron pan that restricts all drainage and is typical of these pakihi soils.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
New Zealand Society of Soil Science
Reference: Les Molloy, Soils in the New Zealand landscape: the living mantle. Wellington: Mallinson Rendel, 1988, plate 11.7
Photograph by Quentin Christie
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.