Ōkārito soils, found throughout the West Coast, developed from glacial outwash under low scrub vegetation and rainfall of about 5,000 millimetres per year. Deep topsoil overlays a light-grey, gleyed, poorly drained horizon. Just above the water is the strongly cemented, brownish-red iron pan that restricts all drainage and is typical of these pakihi soils.
Using this item
New Zealand Society of Soil Science
Reference: Les Molloy, Soils in the New Zealand landscape: the living mantle. Wellington: Mallinson Rendel, 1988, plate 11.7
Photograph by Quentin Christie
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