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Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.




Although relatively few New Zealanders have emigrated to Canada, the following have attained important positions in their respective fields.

Arthur, Eric Ross

(1898– ).

Professor of architectural design.

Eric Ross Arthur was born at Dunedin, New Zealand, on 1 July 1898. He was educated at Otago Boys' High School and studied at the University of Liverpool, being the Lord Kitchener National Memorial Scholar (Great Britain) in 1919. He also won the Lord Leverhulme Prize in architecture and civic design and the Holt travelling scholarship. Although he served in the London offices of Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Aston Webb, most of his work has been done in Canada. During the First World War he served in the New Zealand Rifle Brigade; and, in the Second, as an able seaman in the merchant navy. He is now professor of architectural design at the University of Toronto and partner in the firm of Fleury, Arthur, and Barclay. Besides being editor of the Journal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, Professor Arthur has published a number of books. In 1956 he was awarded a gold medal for his services to Canadian architecture by the University of Alberta and has received an honorary L.L.D. from the University of Manitoba.

Baldwin, Gerald William

(1907– ).

Member of the House of Commons.

Gerald William Baldwin was born on 18 January 1907 at Palmerston North, New Zealand, and educated at Edmonton, where he trained in law. During the Second World War he served with the Canadian Army in Britain and Europe. He was a political candidate at the 1935 provincial elections and entered Federal politics in 1957. At the general election of 1958 he was returned to represent Peace River (Alberta) in the House of Commons, where he sits as a Progressive Conservative. He has been returned at succeeding elections and, in 1962, was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister. Besides his political interests, he is registrar of the (Anglican) Diocese of Athabaska and was bencher of the Law Society of Alberta (1955–58).

Banks, Charles Arthur, C.M.G.

(1885– ).

Former Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Charles Arthur Banks was born on 18 May 1885 at Thames, New Zealand, and educated at the Thames School of Mines and Colorado School of Mines, where he gained his D.Eng. degree. He served with the Royal Engineers in the First World War. In 1937 he was awarded the Mining and Metallurgical Society of America Gold Medal for his work in connection with the aerial development of remote mines. During the Second World War he was the London representative of the Canadian Department of Munitions and Supply (1940–45); and, on his return, became Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia (1946–50). He has been president of Bulolo Gold Dredging Co. Ltd. since 1952 and chairman of the Placer Development Co. since 1957.

Hawthorn, Harry Bertram

(1910– ).

Professor of anthropology.

Harry Bertram Hawthorn was born on 15 October 1910 at Wellington, New Zealand, and educated at Wellington College, Victoria Univ. College, Wellington, the University of Hawaii, and Yale University. He was research assistant at the Institute of Human Relations at Yale (1939–42), studying in Bolivia in the latter year, and, from 1942–47, member of the faculty of Sarah Lawrence College, New York. Since 1947 he has been professor of anthropology at the University of British Columbia, being head of the department since 1956. Professor Hawthorn's publications include The Maori — a Study in Acculturation (1944); The Doukhobors of British Columbia (1955); The Indians of British Columbia (1957). In 1963 he was appointed director of a research programme to assess the participation of Indians in the social and economic life of Canada.

Jenness, Diamond

(1886– ).


Diamond Jenness was born at Wellington, New Zealand, on 10 February 1886. He was educated at Wellington College and graduated master of arts in classics from Victoria University College in 1908. He proceeded to Balliol College, Oxford, where he took a diploma in anthropology in 1911 and M.A. in 1916. In 1911 he conducted an expedition in New Guinea in search of material on Papuan ethnology. Two years later he took part in the Southern Party Canadian Arctic Expedition and for three years studied the habits and customs of certain Eskimos and made a valuable contribution to the knowledge of the Copper Eskimos. In 1916 he joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force as a gunner, and after the armistice returned to Ottawa, where he joined the National Museum as an ethnologist. In 1926 he was appointed chief of the Anthropological Section of the National Museum of Canada. Between the two world wars he prepared and published a large number of scientific works based on anthropological and archaeological surveys he has carried out from time to time in different regions of Canada. At the outbreak of the Second World War Dr Jenness worked with the Dependent's Allowance Board, then as Royal Canadian Air Force Deputy Director of Intelligence from 1940 to 1943. He then became chief of the Inter-Service Topographical Section in the Department of National Defence until 1946 and, finally, Director of Research in the same Department's Geographical Bureau. The honorary degree of LL.D. was conferred on him by the University of New Zealand in 1933 in recognition of his outstanding contributions to anthropology, and in 1962 he was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's Massey Medal for his geographical work.

Nanson, Eric Musard

(1915– ).

Professor of surgery.

Eric Musard Nanson was born at Geraldine on 4 January 1915 and attended Cathedral Grammar School and Christ's College, Christchurch. He graduated M.B. Ch.B. from the University of Otago and, after two years as a house surgeon at Christchurch Hospital, joined the Medical Corps and served with the Second New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Middle East until the end of 1944. After two more years in New Zealand hospitals he went to London, where he qualified F.R.C.S. in 1947 and was associated with various London hospitals till 1950 when he went to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, U.S.A., as Rockefeller Foundation fellow in surgery. On his return to England in 1951 he was appointed lecturer in surgery at the University of Bristol till the end of 1952, when he became associate professor of surgery at Johns Hopkins University. Since 1954 he has been professor of surgery at the University of Saskatchewan and surgeon-in-chief to the University Hospital. He also acts as consulting surgeon to a number of other Saskatoon hospitals. Professor Nanson has published numerous papers in medical journals and was Hunterian professor of the Royal College of Surgeons in England in 1950 and 1959.

Taylor, William Irving

(1923– ).

Associate professor of chemistry.

William Irving Taylor was born at Auckland, New Zealand, on 23 July 1923 and was educated at Auckland University College, graduating M.Sc. in 1946 and Ph.D two years later. He then spent a year in Switzerland as national research scholar. In 1950 he became a fellow of the National Research Council of Canada. He was awarded an I.C.I., fellowship to Cambridge for 1951–52. Since then he has been associate professor of chemistry at the University of New Brunswick, Canada.

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