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Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.




Many New Zealanders have emigrated to Australia where they have risen to the top of their professions. The largest group has gone to Australian universities, but more have found by no means insignificant places in other fields. The following are some of the more important New Zealand expatriates living in Australia.

Baume, Frederick Ehrenfried

(1900– ).

Novelist, journalist, and broadcaster.

Frederick Ehrenfried Baume was born on 29 May 1900 at Auckland, New Zealand, and educated at Waitaki Boys' High School. He became a reporter on the Timaru Herald (1922–23), news editor of the Sydney Guardian (1923–29), and editor of the Sunday Sun (1929–39). During the Second World War (1939–45) he acted as war correspondent with the British Army and, until 1949, was also European editor of Truth and Sportsman and of the Sydney Daily Mirror. From 1949 to 1952 he was deputy editor-in-chief of the Sydney Truth. In addition to his work as a journalist F. E. Baume has written the following books: Tragedy Track (1932); Half-Caste (1933); Burnt Sugar (1934); I Lived These Years (1941); I Lived Another Year (1942); Sydney Duck (1944); Five Graves at Nijmegan (1945); Mercia Wade (1946); I'll Always be With You (1946); Ponty Galler (1947); Devil Lord's Daughter (1948); Unrehearsed Incident (1949); and The Mortal Sin of Father Grossard (1953). Since 1961 he has been executive editor of Radio 2GB, Sydney.

Borrie, Wilfred David

(1913– ).

Professor of demography.

Wilfred David Borrie was born at Waimate, New Zealand, on 2 September 1913. He was educated at Waitaki Boys' High School, Oamaru, and at the University of Otago, where he graduated M.A. From 1944 to 1947 he was a senior lecturer at the University of Sydney and for the following three years was a senior research fellow at the Australian National University. His next appointment was as reader in charge of the Department of Demography. Since 1957 he has been professor of demography at the Australian National University.

Bullen, Keith Edward, F.R.S.

(1906– ).

Professor of applied mathematics.

Keith Edward Bullen was born at Auckland, New Zealand, on 29 June 1906. He was educated at Auckland Grammar School and at Auckland University College, where he graduated B.Sc. and M.A. He won a senior scholarship and undertook post-graduate study for D.Sc. and Ph.D. at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he was Strathcona Exhibitioner. After a brief period as a teacher at Auckland Grammar School, he was lecturer in mathematics at Auckland University (1927–39). From 1940 to 1945 he was senior lecturer in mathematics at Melbourne University. Since 1946 he has been professor of applied mathematics at the University of Sydney. Professor Bullen has been associated with a number of national and international bodies concerned with geophysics and seismology and has been awarded a number of medals (including the Hector Medal for his contributions in those fields. Since 1958 he has been Vice-President of the International Special Committee for Antarctic Research and from 1958–60 was Chairman of the Australian National Committee for the International Geophysical Year.

Davidson, James Wightman

(1915– ).

Professor of Pacific history.

James Wightman Davidson was born at Wellington, New Zealand, on 1 October 1915. He was educated at Waitaki Boys' High School and at Victoria University College, where he graduated M.A. Afterwards he attended St. John's College, Cambridge, where he obtained his Ph.D. He joined the New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs (1938), but later (1941–42) became a research fellow at Nuffield College. He served in the Naval Intelligence Division of the Admiralty from 1942 to 1945. From 1944 to 1951 he was a fellow of St. John's College and a lecturer in history at Cambridge University (1946–50). Since 1950 Professor Davidson has occupied the Chair of Pacific History at the Australian National University, Canberra. From 1959 to 1961 he was constitutional adviser to the Government of Western Samoa.

Heffron, Robert James

(1890– ).

Premier of New South Wales.

Robert Heffron was born at Thames, New Zealand, on 10 September 1890. He was educated in Auckland and trained as a secretary and accountant. Subsequently he went to Australia to live. Since entering politics he has been a member of the Legislative Assembly for Botany, Sydney (1930–50), and for Maroubra. He was Minister for National Emergency Services (1941–44), of Education and Welfare, from 1944, and Deputy Premier (1952–59). In the latter year he became Labour Premier of New South Wales, holding this position until his retirement in May 1964.

Hicks, Sir Cedric Stanton

(1892– ).

Emeritus professor of human physiology and pharmacology.

Sir Cedric Stanton Hicks was born at Mosgiel, near Dunedin, on 2 June 1892. He was educated at Otago Boys' High School and at the University of Otago, where he graduated M.Sc., M.B., Ch.B. In addition he has obtained the degrees of M.D. (Adelaide) and Ph.D. (Cambridge). In 1914 he was a lecturer in chemistry at the University of Otago, but his teaching was interrupted by service with the First New Zealand Expeditionary Force Medical Corps. After his demobilisation he became New Zealand national resident scholar at the Royal Institute of Chemistry, where he obtained his fellowship (F.R.I.C.) in 1923. From there he became a Beit memorial resident fellow of Cambridge. In 1923 he returned to the University of Otago as lecturer in pathology and also acted as clinical pathologist at Dunedin Hospital. Three years later he was appointed professor of human physiology and pharmacology at the University of Adelaide, which post he held until 1948. After the First World War he made a study of endemic goitre in New Zealand, Switzerland, Carinthia, and the United States. Since then he has done a great deal of research into food and nutrition problems. From 1940 to 1946 he served with the Australian Imperial Forces and was the Army repre-presentative on the Red Cross National Nutrition Committee. Sir Stanton was knighted in 1936.

Hudson, Sir William, K.B.E., F.R.S.

(1896– ).

Hydro-electric Commissioner.

Sir William Hudson was born at Nelson, New Zealand, on 27 April 1896. He was educated at Nelson College and London University, where he obtained his B.Sc. Prior to his appointment as Commissioner of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-electric Authority he had considerable and varied experience in New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and Australia. He was, successively, assistant engineer in the hydro-electric section of Armstrong Whitworth and Co. (London), engineer in charge of construction at Arapuni (New Zealand), and assistant resident engineer in the construction of the Nepean Dam. In Scotland he was engineer in charge of the Galloway Hydro-electric Scheme. On his return to New South Wales he became resident engineer and, eventually, engineer-in-chief in the construction of the Woronora Dam. Sir William became head of the Snowy Mountain project in 1949 and was knighted six years later.

Macfarlane, Walter Victor

(1913– ).

Professorial fellow in physiology.

Walter Victor Macfarlane was born at Christchurch, New Zealand, on 27 September 1913. He was educated at Canterbury University College and the University of Otago, where he gained his M.A. and M.D. degrees. For a time he was a parasitologist at Wallaceville Animal Research Station and, later, became an assistant in neurosurgery at Dunedin Hospital. Later, he was senior lecturer in physiology at the University of Otago, but resigned in 1949 to take up the Chair of Physiology at Queensland University. In 1958 he was appointed professorial fellow in physiology at the Australian National University, Canberra.

Niland (née Park), Ruth Lucia

(1917– ).


Ruth Park was born at Auckland, New Zealand, on 24 August 1917 and was educated at Te Kuiti District High School and St. Benedict's College, Auckland. She started her literary career as a proof reader for the Auckland Star in 1937, became children's editor two years later, and general reporter in 1941. In 1942 she married D'Arcy Francis Niland, the Australian radio dramatist. She published her first novel, Harp of the South, in 1947 and won the Sydney Morning Herald prize. Since then she has written Poor Man's Orange, The Witch's Thorn, A Power of Roses, Pink Flannel, The Golden Boomerang, One-a-Pecker-Two-a-Pecker, The Good Looking Woman, and several children's books and plays.

Storkey, Percy Valentine, V.C.

(1891– ).

District Judge.

Percy Valentine Storkey was born at Napier, New Zealand, on 9 September 1891. He was educated at Napier Boys' High School and Victoria University College before going to Sydney, where he graduated LL.B. From 1915 to 1919 he served with 19th Battalion, Australian Imperial Forces. On 7 April 1918 he was awarded the Victoria Cross for “most conspicuous bravery, leadership and devotion to duty when in charge of a platoon in the attack on Hangard Wood, near Villers-Bretonneux”. He was called to the New South Wales Bar in 1921 and later became Crown Prosecutor on the Southwestern Circuit. From 1939 to 1955 he was a Judge of the New South Wales District Court.

Tayler, Eric Archdale

(1921– ).

A.B.C. drama producer.

Eric Archdale Tayler was born on 4 December 1921 at Hastings, New Zealand, and educated at Auckland Grammar School. During the Second World War he served in the Middle East and Italy and, from 1947 to 1950, attended the Royal Adademy of Dramatic Art, London. For the next five years he acted in various repertory companies. In 1955 he joined the B.B.C. drama department and was associated with some notable TV productions including the Maigret series, Z Cars, and Oliver Twist. Earl in 1965 Tayler joined the A.B.C. as a drama producer.

Trendall, Arthur Dale, C.M.G., K.C.S.G.

(1909– ).

Master of University House and deputy vice-chancellor, Australian National University, Canberra.

Arthur Dale Trendall was born at Auckland, New Zealand, on 28 March 1909. He was educated at Kings College, Auckland, and at the University of Otago. In 1931 he won a post-graduate scholarship in arts and went to Trinity College, Cambridge, where in 1933 he became Watson student. From 1933 to 1936 he studied at Athens and Rome, holding a Rome scholarship for the latter two years. The next two years were spent as librarian to the British School in Rome and, after this, was a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, for three years. In 1939 he was appointed professor of Greek at the University of Sydney and of archaeology in 1948. Since 1954 Professor Trendall has been the master of University House, Australian National University, Canberra, deputy vice-chancellor of the University, an emeritus professor of the University of Sydney, and honorary curator of the Nicholson Museam. Professor Trendall has received degrees from the New Zealand, Cambridge, Melbourne, and Adelaide Universities. He is a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, a member of the German Archaeological Institute. He received the C.M.G. in 1961 and holds a knighthood in the Papal Order of St. Gregory. In 1961 he was made Cavaliere Ufficiale Ordine al Merito of Italy.

Watson, Alan Cameron

(1900– ).

Moderator-General of the Presbyterian General Assembly of Australia.

Alan Cameron Watson was born at Feilding, New Zealand, on 16 March 1900. He was educated at the University of Otago, where he obtained his M.A. and D.D. degrees, as well as the Diploma in Social Science. From 1922 to 1927 he was a lecturer in philosophy at the University of Otago; for the next 15 years he was a minister at East Taieri and at St. Paul's, Christchurch. Since 1942 he has been minister at Toorak Presbyterian Church, Melbourne. From 1959 to 1962 he held office as moderator-general of the Presbyterian General Assembly of Australia.

Watson-Munro, Charles Norman, O.B.E.

(1915– ).

Professor of plasma physics.

Charles Norman Watson-Munro was born at Dunedin, New Zealand, on 1 August 1915 and was educated at Victoria University College, Wellington. He was New Zealand scientific liaison officer in 1942 and Director of the New Zealand Radar Laboratory from 1942 to 1944. For the next three years he worked as principal scientific officer at the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Research Establishment where he led the team who built the first atomic pile. On his return to New Zealand he became Assistant Secretary to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, which post he held until 1951 when he became professor of physics at Victoria University College. In 1954 he was appointed chief scientist for the Australian Atomic Energy Commission. He resigned from this position in 1959 and in the following year became professor of plasma physics at the University of Sydney.

White, Sir Frederick William George, K.B.E.

(1905– ).

Chairman of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.

Frederick W. G. White was born at Wellington, New Zealand, on 26 May 1905. He was educated at Victoria University College before proceeding to Cambridge on a postgraduate research scholarship to study under Lord Rutherford. From 1931 to 1936 he lectured in physics at London University and in 1937 became professor of physics at Canterbury University College. In 1941 he left New Zealand to become Chairman of the Radiophysics Advisory Board of C.S.I.R.O. He was Chief of the Radiophysics Division (1942), an Executive Officer three years later, and on the Executive Committee in 1946. Sir Frederick became Chairman of C.S.I.R.O. in 1959. He received the C.B.E. in 1954 and was created K.B.E. in 1962.

Among many other New Zealanders who have made names for themselves in Australia, the following may be mentioned: Tessa Birnie (Ashburton), concert pianist; Dr Keith Dudson (Wellington), a medical practitioner who has pioneered the buffalo meat trade in the Northern Territory; Dr Ernest Duncan (Auckland), headmaster of Newington College, Sydney; Dr S. Faine (Wellington), associate professor of bacteriology, University of Sydney; C. McD. Gilray, M.C., O.B.E. (Otago), formerly headmaster of Scotch College, Melbourne; Roger Mirams (Wellington), director of Pacific Films, Melbourne; D. E. Nicholson (Wairarapa), Speaker of the Queensland Legislative Assembly; Dr G. Ogg (Hastings), medical superintendent at the North Ryde Psychiatric Centre, Sydney; L. H. Smith (New Plymouth), former general manager of the Victorian Totalisator Board; and Terry Vaughan who is Director of the Canberra Civic Auditorium.

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