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Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.




Berendsen, Ian Ellis

(1919– ).

Political Affairs Officer, United Nations Secretariat.

Ian Berendsen was born at Wellington, New Zealand, on 6 July 1919 and educated at Wellington College. He graduated M.A. from Victoria University College and was awarded a Rhodes scholarship in 1939, and he went to Merton College, Oxford, for the degree of bachelor of arts. From 1941 to 1945 he served with the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Pacific and Italy. Since 1947 he has been on the staff of United Nations Organisation as a Political Affairs Officer in the Trusteeship Division. He acted as Principal Secretary for the United Nations Missions to Togoland in 1955, Western Samoa in 1959, Tanganyika in 1960, and represented United Nations in the Congo from 1960 to 1961 at Elisabethville.

Condliffe, John Bell

(1891– ).

Emeritus professor of economics, University of California.

John Bell Condliffe, though born at Melbourne, Australia, was educated at Canterbury University College, Christchurch. He subsequently undertook post-graduate work at Gonville and Gaius College, Cambridge. From 1920 to 1926 he was professor of economics at Canterbury University College, after which he was appointed research secretary to the Institute of Pacific Relations for three years. In 1930–31 he held the chair of economics at the University of Michigan. For the next six years he was a member of the League of Nations Secretariat. His next appointment was as professor of commerce at the University of London, 1937–39. Professor Condliffe then held the chair of economics at the University of California till 1958. In 1957 he acted as Consultant to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand. He has written a number of books, including The Commerce of Nations (1949) and The Welfare State in New Zealand (1959).

Cooke, Strathmore Ridley Barnett

(1907– ).

Dean of the School of Mines and Metallurgy, University of Minnesota.

S. R. B. Cooke was born at Wanganui, New Zealand, in January 1907 and received his university education at the School of Mines, University of Otago, graduating B.Sc. in 1928 and B.E. in 1929. He proceeded to the Missouri School of Mines and obtained his M.Sc. in 1930, followed three years later by a Ph.D. from the University of Missouri. From 1939 to 1946 he was research professor in the Montana School of Mines. He transferred to the University of Minnesota in 1946, and since 1957 has been dean of the School of Mines and Metallurgy at the University of Minnesota. Dr Cooke is a member of the American Institute of Mechanical Engineers and of the American Chemical Society.

Denny-Brown, Derek Ernest, O.B.E.

(1901– ).

Professor of neurology, Harvard University.

Derek Ernest Denny-Brown was born at Christchurch, New Zealand, on 1 June 1901 and educated at the Universities of Otago and Oxford where he was a Beit research fellow (1928). From 1928 until 1941 he was attached to the staff of the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases (London); and from 1935 was also neurologist at St. Bartholomew's Hospital and College, London. In the latter year he became professor of neurology at Harvard and director of the neurological unit and Neurologist-in-chief at the Boston City Hospital. During the Second World War he served with the R.A.M.C., saw service in India and Burma, rose to the rank of brigadier, and was awarded the O.B.E. Since 1946 he has been the James Jackson Putnam professor of neurology at Harvard University. Professor Denny-Brown became an American citizen in 1952.

Heeney, Thomas

(1898– ).


Thomas (Tom) Heeney was born at Kaiti, Gisborne, on 18 May 1898. He was apprenticed to a plumber and learned boxing from his father and from his elder brother Jack Heeney, who was New Zealand amateur welterweight champion in 1914 and middleweight champion from 1919 to 1924. In 1920 Tom Heeney turned professional when he fought Bill Bartlett at Gisborne. He won the New Zealand professional heavyweight championship in 1921–22, 1923, and 1923–24. Following upon his New Zealand successes, Heeney toured Australia, Britain, South Africa, Ireland, the United States, and Canada. In 1927 and 1928 Heeney reached the peak of his boxing career when he fought the four of the top American heavyweights. In quick succession he defeated Jim Maloney (New York City) and Johnny Risko (Detroit), drew with Jack Sharkey (New York City) – a future world champion — and defeated Jim Delaney, the Canadian contender. As a result, on 26 July 1928, at Yankee Stadium, New York City, Heeney met Gene Tunney in a bout for the heavyweight championship of the world. Although completely outclassed by Tunney, Heeney fought gamely until the referee stopped the bout in the eleventh round. Heeney continued to fight in the United States and met Max Baer — a future world champion — on two occasions. On 27 March 1933 he fought Stanley Poreda in New York City. This was his last appearance as a professional boxer. During his professional career Tom Heeney – “The Hard Rock from Down Under” or “Honest Tom”, as he was often called — fought 69 bouts and recorded 37 wins, 22 losses, eight draws, one no-decision bout, and one “no contest”. Heeney retired to Miami, Florida, where he still lives. He paid a short visit to New Zealand in 1947.

In his younger days Tom Heeney achieved note in Rugby football and played in the Hawke's Bay — Poverty Bay team against the 1921 Springboks.

Holland, William Lancelot

(1907– ).

Secretary-general and research director, Institute of Pacific Relations.

William Holland was born at South Malvern, Canterbury, New Zealand, on 28 December 1907 and graduated M.A. from Canterbury University College in 1930 and was a research student at Gonville and Gaius College, Cambridge, in 1932. The following year he joined the Institute of Pacific Relations and, till 1943, worked as a research secretary at Honolulu, New York, Tokyo, Shanghai, and Berkeley, California. In 1946 he became secretary-general and research director. He was editor of Pacific Affairs, New York, from 1943 to 1953, and is co-editor of Far Eastern Survey. He has published a number of works on the Pacific and Asia, including China's Economic Development, Migrations in the Pacific and Next Step in Asia (as coauthor). In addition he has contributed to a number of relevant periodicals, such as Pacific Affairs, Far Eastern Survey, International Affairs, and Nation.

Hutton, Colin Osborne

(1910– ).

Professor of mineralogy, Stanford University, California.

Colin Osborne Hutton was born at Dunedin, New Zealand, on 10 January 1910 and graduated M.Sc. from Otago University in 1935. He was awarded a Shirtcliffe fellowship which took him to Emmanuel College, Cambridge, from 1936 to 1938, when he gained a Ph.D. in geology. He was Government Mineralist and Petrologist in New Zealand from 1938 to 1946, when he was appointed to a senior lectureship in geology at the University of Otago for two years. Since 1948 he has been professor of metallurgy at Stanford University, and was Guggenheim fellow, 1953–54. Professor Hutton is a fellow of the Geological Societies of America and London and of the Royal Society of New Zealand. He was recently given a National Science Foundation award to conduct research in the Leeward Islands, 1961–62.

Inglis, John Bethune

(1901– ).


John Inglis was born at Coromandel, New Zealand, on 9 February 1901. He went to New York in 1925 and joined Price, Waterhouse, and Co., public accountants, becoming a partner in 1939. A fellow of the New Zealand Society of Accountants and of the American Institute of Chartered Accountants, he is active on the Council of Foreign Relations, the Foreign Policy Association, and the New York State Chamber of Commerce Clubs.

Larsen, Harold William, M.B.E.

( –).

Economic adviser, Department of Operations, World Bank.

Harold William Larsen was born at Wanganui, New Zealand, and educated at Auckland Grammar School. He studied at Auckland University College for arts and commerce degrees and graduated B.A. in 1934, B.Com. in 1935, and M.A. in 1936. Before the war he was a temporary senior lecturer at Canterbury University College. From 1939 to 1945 he served with the Royal Navy in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Far East and was mentioned in dispatches and awarded an M.B.E. After demobilisation he was Director of the New Zealand office of UNRRA in Wellington. In 1947 he began post-graduate studies at the University of London for a Ph.D. in economics He has been an economist with the World Bank since 1948 and is at present working as economic adviser in the Department of Operations, South Asia and Middle East.

McIvor, Samuel Noel

(1916– ).

Senior operations officer, World Bank.

Samuel Noel McIvor was born at Oamaru, New Zealand, on 20 December 1916. He was educated at the University of Otago, where he graduated M.Com. in 1940 after winning the Macandrew scholarship in 1938. Following this he undertook post graduate studies at the University of London for a Ph.D. From 1949 to 1954 he was First Secretary at the New Zealand High Commissioner's Office in London and is now senior operations officer at the World Bank.

Marriner, Guy Vincent Rice

(1898– ).

Musician and lecturer.

Guy Marriner was born at Auckland, New Zealand, on 9 April 1898 and educated at King's College and Wanganui Collegiate School. He continued his piano studies in New York from 1924 to 1930 and gave piano recitals in the United States and Europe. From 1935 to 1948 he was associate director of music at the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, and director from 1948 to 1956. Since 1937 he has been lecturer in music at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1957 he received the honorary Mus.D. from the Combs College of Music.

Marshall, Alfred George

(1888– ).

Investment banker.

Alfred Marshall was born at Mangawhare, near Dargaville, New Zealand, on 11 March 1888 and was educated at Auckland Grammar School and at Auckland University College. In 1911 he won a Rhodes scholarship and studied at Balliol College, Oxford. During the First World War he joined the Royal Engineers and served in many theatres of war. From 1919 to 1928 he was chemical engineer for the Shell Oil Co. in London. In the latter year he went to California as manager of the P.A.D. Manufacturing Department. He is now an investment banker in California.

Palmer, Clarence Edgar

(1911– ).

Professor of geophysics, Institute of Geophysics, University of California, at Los Angeles.

Clarence Edgar Palmer was born at Wellington, New Zealand, on 19 March 1911 and educated at Victoria University College, where he graduated M.Sc. in 1933. He was a lecturer in zoology at Victoria University College from 1935 to 1939, when he was appointed Chief Forecaster at the Meteorological Office. In 1943 he held a position as director of the Institute of Tropical Meteorology in Chicago for two years, and in 1944–45 was a civilian consultant for the RNZAF. He then went to the University of Melbourne, 1946–48, as senior lecturer in general science and scientific method. He was appointed associate professor in 1948 and, in 1952, professor of geophysics at the Institute of Geophysics, University of California, at Los Angeles.

Patterson, Arthur Lindo

(1902– ).

Head of Department of Physics, Institute for Cancer Research, Philadelphia.

Arthur Lindo Patterson was born at Nelson, New Zealand, on 23 July 1902 and educated at McGill University. In the following years he worked in many universities and research institutions, including the Royal Institution in London, the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute at Berlin-Dahlem, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. From 1940 until 1949 he was an associate professor at Bryn Mawr. During the war he was a Research Physicist at the Naval Ordnance Laboratory, Washington. Since 1949 he has been senior member and head of the Department of Physics at the Institute of Cancer Research in Philadelphia. Dr Patterson has specialised in crystallography. He has been a member of the United States National Committee on Crystallography since 1948 and was its chairman from 1948 to 1950. He was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Union of Crystallography from 1948 to 1954, and since 1957 has been a member of the Executive Committee, Division of Physical Sciences, National Research Council. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Physical Society of London, the Mineral Society of America, and the New York Academy of Science.

Patterson has written numerous papers on X-ray analysis of crystal structures and is co-author, with W. C. Michels, of Elements of Modern Physics.

Pickering, William Haywood

(1910– ).

Professor of electrical engineering, director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology.

William Haywood Pickering was born at Wellington, New Zealand, on 24 December 1910 and was educated at the California Institute of Technology, where he gained a B.S. (1932), M.S. (1933), and Ph.D. (1936). He was a member of the Cosmic Ray Expeditions to India in 1939 and to Mexico in 1941. From 1945 to 1948 he was a member of the Science Advisory Board of the United States Air Force. In 1946 he was appointed professor of chemical engineering at the California Institute of Technology and, in addition to this post, since 1954 he has been director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. In 1955 he was made a member of the United States National Committee, Technical Panel — Earth, Satellite Programme. He has been the recipient of the American Rocket Society's James Wyld Memorial Award. Professor Pickering is a fellow of the Institute of Radio Engineers and the American Rocket Society.

Todhunter, Elizabeth Neige

(1901– ).

Dean of the School of Home Economics, University of Alabama.

Elizabeth Neige Todhunter was born at Christchurch, New Zealand, on 6 July 1901 and was educated at the University of Otago before going to the United States to study for a doctorate at Columbia University. She established and became the director of the research laboratory in human nutrition at the University of Alabama. In 1953 she became dean of the School of Home Economics. Dr Todhunter's contributions to the field of nutrition have been recognised by the award in 1962 of the American Dietetic Association's Marjorie Hulsizer Copher Award. She is an honorary life member of the New Zealand Dietetic Association and has affiliations with the American Dietetic Association (of which she is a former president), the American Chemical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Institute of Nutrition, the American Home Economics Association, and the American School Food Service Association.

Turner, Francis John

(1904– ).

Professor of geology, University of California.

Francis John Turner was born at Auckland, New Zealand, on 10 April 1904 and gained master's degree in science at Auckland University College in 1926. He was a lecturer in geology at the University of Otago from 1926 to 1946, during which time he gained his D.Sc. from the University of New Zealand and was a research fellow at Yale University in 1938. He was appointed associate professor of geology in 1946 and professor in 1948 at the University of California. In 1950 he was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship, and in 1956 a Fulbright fellowship. Professor Turner is the author of Evolution of Metamorphic and co-author of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (1951) Rocks and coauthor of Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (1951) and Petrography (1953). He is a fellow of the Geological Society of London, Geological Society of America, and National Academy of Sciences, United States. In 1950 he was awarded the Hector Medal of the Royal Society of New Zealand.

Among other New Zealanders permanently resident in the United States the following have attained important positions in their respective fields: B. M. Craven (Wellington) is assistant research professor of chemistry and crystallography at the University of Pittsburg; C. W. Holdaway (Masterton) is emeritus professor of dairy husbandry at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute; G. H. Jeffries (Otago), a former Rhodes scholar (1952), is senior fellow in the Department of Gastro-Enterology at New York Hospital; A. G. MacDiarmid (Kerikeri) is associate professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology; B. H. Mason (Christchurch) is attached to the Geology Department of the American Museum of Natural History in New York; and B. R. Turner (Christchurch) is a member of the Department of the Administration and Financial Services in the United Nations Secretariat. John Reid (Wellington) is Associate Professor of Pathology at Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Franklin A. Russell (Nelson) is a free lance naturalist in New York; E. P. Y. Simpson (Auckland and Petone) is Professor of Church History at Berkeley Divinity School, California; and Brian Sutton-Smith (Wellington) is Associate Professor of Psychology at Bowling Green State University.