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Graphic: An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand 1966.


This information was published in 1966 in An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock. It has not been corrected and will not be updated.

Up-to-date information can be found elsewhere in Te Ara.




From time to time New Zealanders obtain posts with the various international organisations which have their headquarters in Switzerland. The following two hold important positions in the International Labour Organisation.

Copland, Sir Douglas Berry, K.B.E., C.M.G.

(1894– ).

First Director-General of the International Institute for Labour Studies.

Sir Douglas Copland was born at Timaru, New Zealand, on 24 February 1894. He was educated at Waimate District High School and studied economics at Canterbury University College. He holds the degrees of M.A. and D.Sc. in economics (N.Z.), Litt.D. (Melb.) and honorary degrees from Queensland, Harvard, McGill, Clark, Carleton, British Columbia, Adelaide, Tasmania, and Bishops. From 1917 to 1920 he lectured in history and economics at the University of Tasmania; he then became professor of economics until 1934. He was Sidney Myer professor of commerce and dean of the faculty of commerce at the University of Melbourne till 1944 and chairman of the Professional Board for part of the time. From 1938 till 1945 he was Chairman of the State Economic Committee for Victoria. At the same time he was appointed Commonwealth Prices Commissioner from 1939 to 1945. Sir Douglas held the chair of economics at Melbourne from 1944 to 1945, followed by the post of Australian Minister to China, 1946–48. For the next five years he was vice-chancellor of the Australian National University. In 1953 he became Australian High Commissioner to Canada, and after relinquishing this post he was appointed first Principal of the Australian Administrative Staff College (1956–60). He has lectured at numerous universities throughout the world and is the author of a number of books, as well as being editor-in-chief of Economic Record, the journal of the Economic Society of Australia and New Zealand, for 20 years. In May 1961 Sir Douglas became the first Director-General of the International Institute for Labour Studies. This Institute is sponsored by the International Labour Organisation and is at Geneva. Sir Douglas received the C.M.G. in 1933 and was created K.B.E. in 1950.

Riches, Edward John

(1905– ).

Treasurer and Financial Comptroller for the International Labour Organisation, Geneva.

Edward Riches was born at Timaru, New Zealand, on 30 July 1905. He was educated at Geraldine District High School and Timaru Boys' High School. At Canterbury University College he won various scholarships, including senior and post-graduate scholarships, and was appointed to the I.L.O. Secretariat in 1927 – the year in which he gained his M.A. From 1929 to 1931 he was Rockefeller fellow in economics at the University of Michigan. He was Economic Adviser to I.L.O. from 1941 to 1960. Since 1961 he has been Treasurer and Financial Comptroller for I.L.O. E. J. Riches has published numerous reports and articles in economic journals. He has represented I.L.O. at a number of international conferences.