Kōrero: Penguins

First penguin fossil discovery

First penguin fossil discovery

British palaeontologist Thomas Huxley made this drawing of a fused ankle bone (tarsometatarsal) from the first finding of a penguin fossil. It was discovered in New Zealand at Kakanui, North Otago, in 1848. It belonged to a penguin that lived about 30 million years ago. The bone is dense, unlike a flying bird’s bones, which suggests that penguins had already long given up flight by that stage of their evolutionary history. Huxley gave it the name Paleeudyptes antarcticus.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Private collection, R. Ewan Fordyce
Reference: T. H. Huxley, 'On a fossil bird and a fossil cetacean from New Zealand.' Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 15 (1859): 672

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Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Lloyd Spencer Davis, 'Penguins - The penguin history of New Zealand', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/6395/first-penguin-fossil-discovery (accessed 21 September 2021)

He kōrero nā Lloyd Spencer Davis, i tāngia i te 12 Jun 2006, reviewed & revised 11 Jul 2016