Kōrero: Coastal shoreline

Coastal lichens

Coastal lichens

Hardy lichens occupy the highest reaches of the rocky coast, where they receive coatings of sea spray. Lichens are a partnership between fungus and algae or bacteria. Few lichens survive on coastal rocks, but those that do, such as Xanthoria ligulata (upper photo) and the crust-forming species (lower photo), are common around the country.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Photograph by Melanie Lovell-Smith

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Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Maggy Wassilieff, 'Coastal shoreline - The rocky coast – upper shore', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/4811/coastal-lichens (accessed 27 June 2022)

He kōrero nā Maggy Wassilieff, i tāngia i te 12 Jun 2006