Story: Coastal shoreline

Coastal lichens

Coastal lichens

Hardy lichens occupy the highest reaches of the rocky coast, where they receive coatings of sea spray. Lichens are a partnership between fungus and algae or bacteria. Few lichens survive on coastal rocks, but those that do, such as Xanthoria ligulata (upper photo) and the crust-forming species (lower photo), are common around the country.

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Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Photograph by Melanie Lovell-Smith

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How to cite this page:

Maggy Wassilieff, 'Coastal shoreline - The rocky coast – upper shore', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 23 June 2024)

Story by Maggy Wassilieff, published 12 Jun 2006