Kōrero: Creative and intellectual expatriates

Samuel Butler's sheep station

Samuel Butler's sheep station

Mesopotamia sheep station, pictured in 1871, became famous as the setting for Samuel Butler's dystopian novel Erewhon (1872). The English-born Butler spent just four years in Canterbury, New Zealand, from January 1860 to June 1865, where he explored the mountains, established Mesopotamia, and began his literary career as a journalist. He left suddenly – it is believed because of a thwarted love affair – but back in London he was able to give full vent to his writing as well as pursuing other artistic interests. His stature as a major prose writer was established with Erewhon and confirmed by later books.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Alexander Turnbull Library, Making New Zealand Centennial Collection (PAColl-3060)
Reference: MNZ-0386-1/4-F

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Nancy Swarbrick, 'Creative and intellectual expatriates - Historical reasons for expatriation', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/44339/samuel-butlers-sheep-station (accessed 27 September 2020)

He kōrero nā Nancy Swarbrick, i tāngia i te 22 Oct 2014