Dalmatian gum diggers drain the Aranga swamp at Maunganui Bluff, Northland, in the late 1890s. Finding gum was heavy and painstaking work. The ground was tested for gum using a long rod, with any likely lumps then dug up. Many Dalmatians sent much of what they earned home (to what is now Croatia), and would eventually return themselves.
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Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.