Kōrero: Farm families

Mixing a Christmas cake (2 o 3)

Mixing a Christmas cake

In the absence of domestic servants, who were expensive, farmers’ wives did the cooking. Here Jessie Buckland mixes the Christmas cake in 1896, using a spoon and mixing bowl. The ingredients would probably have included hand-made butter from the family’s cows and eggs from her own fowls, and she would have baked the cake in a wood-fired range which required regular stoking.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Hocken Library, University of Otago
Reference: S08-193d

Permission of the Hocken Library Uare Taoka o Hakena, University of Otago, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Further information may be obtained from the Library through its website.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Emma Dewson and Jock Phillips, 'Farm families - The colonial family and the household economy', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/19827/mixing-a-christmas-cake (accessed 20 November 2019)

He kōrero nā Emma Dewson and Jock Phillips, i tāngia i te 24 Nov 2008