The growth of pasture, crops and forests are influenced by climate (rainfall and temperature) and topography, which affects the microclimate of a site. Plant growth also depends on soil characteristics and drainage.
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Source: Les Molloy, Soils in the New Zealand landscape: the living mantle. 2nd ed. Lincoln: New Zealand Society of Soil Science, 1988, pp. 230–231; National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research