The separate epidemiological transitions of Māori and non-Māori are illustrated in this graph showing life expectancy at birth in 1876, 1945 and 1976. (Data was not available for Māori in 1876.) In 1945, Māori males and females had lower life expectancy than non-Māori males and females had had in 1876. By 1976, however, the gap was closing. Advances in health care for Māori helped explain the change.
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Source: I. Pool, 'Mortality trends and differentials.’ In Population of New Zealand / Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, vol. 1. ESCAP country monograph series, no. 12, 2 vols. New York: United Nations, 1985, pp. 209–242.