Kōrero: Death rates and life expectancy

Smallpox vaccination certificate

Smallpox vaccination certificate

During the 1913 smallpox epidemic, Māori were required to present a certificate to confirm they had been vaccinated before they could travel by train. This was one of the public health measures introduced to contain the disease.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Archives New Zealand - Te Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga
Reference: R 3 Acc W2334 box 13 item 1913 3819 Certificate

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Ian Pool, 'Death rates and life expectancy - Māori epidemiological transition', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/document/26607/smallpox-vaccination-certificate (accessed 23 January 2020)

He kōrero nā Ian Pool, i tāngia i te 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 14 Mar 2019