The New Zealand Cross (instituted in 1869) was a colonial equivalent of the Victoria Cross. It was created because the Victoria Cross could only be awarded to British military personnel or New Zealanders under the command of a British officer at the time. The New Zealand Cross was awarded to 23 people between 1869 and 1910.
This is Frank Mace wearing his New Zealand Cross, which he received for acts of conspicuous bravery in three separate actions between 1863 and 1865. His cross is held at Puke Ariki museum in New Plymouth.
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Puke Ariki - Taranaki Museum & Library
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