In the early 1970s midwives began to re-establish their historical independence from doctors, despite the fact that from 1971 doctors had to be present at all births. Home-birth midwife Joan Donley (back centre) was a leading midwifery practitioner and activist. Her 1986 book Save the midwife charted the history of midwifery in New Zealand and argued for a return to midwives' independence.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Reference: Joan Donley, Save the midwife. Auckland: New Women’s Press, 1986.
Photograph by Gil Hanly
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