This early hop kiln at Neudorf, near Upper Moutere, was built in the Fachwerk (or half-timbered) style common in northern Germany. Hop kilns are distinctive buildings with ventilation cowls at the apex of a corrugated-iron roof. The cowls were some 5 to 6 metres above the hops, which were dried by passing a warm current of air over them, reducing their weight by around 90%. Kilns were heated by coke and charcoal. Coke was shipped from Westport to Motueka and then carted to Upper Moutere. Charcoal was made locally.
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