Kōrero: Gender inequalities

Marriage settlements

Marriage settlements

Well-to-do women were much more likely than working- or middle-class women to own property, and they and their families were better able to protect it. Marriage settlements kept property and income that it generated under the control of wives. Their use was widespread – Jane Maria Richmond, married to Arthur Atkinson, was among many women with a settlement in 19th-century New Zealand. They are shown here with other family members. Jane Maria is on the right, her husband Arthur is standing at the back, and the baby is their granddaughter Phyllis Fell.

Marriage settlements could be made by a single woman, by a woman's family on her behalf, or by a husband for his wife. Concern for a woman's well-being was not always the motivation. Husbands sometimes put property into a marriage settlement in order to keep it from creditors.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, Richmond-Atkinson Collection (PAColl-1802)
Reference: PAColl-1802-1-63
Photograph by Charles Yates Fell

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

All images & media in this story

Me pēnei te tohu i te whārangi:

Anne Else, 'Gender inequalities - Sexuality', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/photograph/28625/marriage-settlements (accessed 17 October 2019)

Story by Anne Else, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 20 Jun 2018