From 1990, as a result of a law amendment, midwives could manage pregnancies and births alone. The number of independent midwives grew significantly as a result. Midwife Jenny Johnson helped to deliver baby Titapu Pairama Lewington not long before the the law was amended by Parliament.
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Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.