The condition of many early streets was primitive. They were dust bowls in summer and quagmires in winter. This is Auckland’s Queen Street in the 1860s. It was bisected by a stream called the Ligar Canal – formerly Te Wai Horotiu. It was little more than an open sewer, and a hazard for the unwary pedestrian.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
Auckland City Libraries - Tāmaki Pātaka Kōrero, Sir George Grey Special Collections
Photograph by James D. Richardson
Permission of Auckland City Libraries Tāmaki Pātaka Kōrero must be obtained before any re-use of this image.