Forceful and intelligent, but often abrasive, Muldoon intimidated many colleagues and officials, and polarised voters. Although heavily burdened with dual roles as prime minister and minister of finance, he kept ahead by creating a Prime Minister’s Department to liaise with the public service and pressure groups and provide him with information. He was also skilled at gaining support for his ideas in cabinet and caucus. In this photograph, he is addressing a crowd before the 1981 election.
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Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.