In the 1981 census the figures for personal income were collected on both a market and a total basis. This graph allows a comparison between the two sets of figures. Since the total income figures include state social-security benefits, the greatest difference between market and total income is at the left side of the graph where incomes are lowest. In terms of market incomes, more than one in five of people aged 15 and over received no income at all in the form of labour earnings or a return on any savings. But when benefit payments were taken into account in the total income figures, the number receiving no income fell to less than one in 15, many of whom would have been students still in education or women at home.
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Source: New Zealand census, 1981