In the early 1950s rural populations had higher proportions of children than urban areas. The working age population (15–65) was also younger than that in the cities. There were fewer retired people in rural areas as people moved to towns and cities in later life.
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Source: S. H. Franklin, ‘The age and sex structure of North Island communities’. In John Forster, ed., Social process in New Zealand: readings in sociology. Auckland: Longman Paul, 1969, p. 60