A small but significant proportion of the organic carbon formed by tiny marine plants (phytoplankton), zooplankton, and higher-level consumers does not decompose and settles on the deep ocean floor. This process, referred to as the biological pump, effectively removes carbon from the atmosphere. If the pump were turned off, there would be much higher concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide. This interaction between the ocean and atmosphere is critical, as greenhouse gases increase and the climate warms.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.