Mature ferns produce fertile leaves (fronds) that carry spores. When the spores are released they germinate into tiny heart-shaped plants with male and female sex organs. Sperm cells are carried to the female sex organ in a film of water, and one fertilises an egg cell. This grows into a new, spore-bearing fern.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
Artwork by Bruce Mahalski
This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.