In 1852 Captain James Forbes tested a new theory about sailing routes from Europe, making a round trip to Australia in less time than some one-way voyages. From then on most immigrants to New Zealand and Australia took the rough, cold southern route, often passing icebergs as the Blue Jacket did in 1855.
Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi
National Library of Australia, Rex Nan Kivell Collection
Oil painting by Thomas Baines
Permission of the National Library of Australia must be obtained before any re-use of this image.