Kōrero: Presbyterian Church

The Scotch kirk

The Scotch kirk

The Scotch kirk (church) on Wellington's Lambton Quay was the first Presbyterian church in New Zealand. It opened in January 1844, but the congregation had been founded four years earlier by the Reverend John McFarlane, who had come out to New Zealand with a group of Scottish settlers. Soon after arriving McFarlane held New Zealand's first Presbyterian service on an immigrant ship. The church depicted here was later replaced by a larger edifice, but rising land values saw the congregation move in 1878 from Lambton Quay to The Terrace, where they built a new church – St Andrew's.

St Andrew's was the only New Zealand congregation founded before the 1843 'Disruption', which split the Church of Scotland and led to the creation of the Free Church. St Andrew's remained aligned with the Church of Scotland until 1874, when it joined the New Zealand church. Now known as St Andrew's on the Terrace, the congregation is well-known for its social activism and radical theology.

Te whakamahi i tēnei tūemi

Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: A-109-035
Hand-coloured engraving by Samuel Charles Brees

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

Ngā whakaahua me ngā rauemi katoa o tēnei kōrero

Te tuhi tohutoro mō tēnei whārangi:

Ben Schrader, 'Presbyterian Church - Church building and missions', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/mi/artwork/31070/the-scotch-kirk (accessed 4 December 2022)

He kōrero nā Ben Schrader, i tāngia i te 5 May 2011, updated 1 Mar 2017