At Ōhawe, just west of Hāwera on the southern Taranaki coast, a large stone cairn is a monument to local settlers who died in fighting in the district in 1866–69 – some of whom are buried in the surrounding cemetery. The cairn was built on private farmland by local farmer James Livingston, who established the ‘Republic of Hāwera’ in 1879 to prevent Parihaka Māori from ploughing farmers’ fields.
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Photograph by Caren Wilton
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