Story: Evolution of plants and animals



This coconut (Cocos nucifera) on Raoul Island in the Kermadecs, photographed in 2004, was probably planted by people. Coconuts regularly wash up on Kermadec shores, but none have germinated. They do not usually grow outside of the tropics, but their arrival in the Kermadec Islands (halfway between New Zealand and Tonga) shows that plant material can reach distant lands on ocean currents. Fossil coconuts of another species (Cocos zeylandica) have been found in Northland. They flourished around 20 million years ago, when northern New Zealand was almost tropical.

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Department of Conservation
Reference: 10057067
Photograph by Rebecca Stanley

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How to cite this page:

Matt McGlone, 'Evolution of plants and animals - How did they arrive?', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 25 September 2023)

Story by Matt McGlone, published 24 Sep 2007