Story: Evolution of plants and animals

Moko skink

Moko skink

Like most native skinks, the moko skink (Oligosoma moco) does not lay eggs but gives birth to live young. This appears to be an adaptation to living in a cool climate, where life is marginal for reptiles. It is likely that around 16 million years ago, during the early Miocene period, New Zealand had a more diverse reptile fauna due to its warmer climate. As temperatures cooled life became more difficult for reptiles, and those that survived have done so by adapting. Some scientists believe that skinks have been present since New Zealand broke away from Gondwana. Others think they arrived around 30 million years ago.

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How to cite this page:

Matt McGlone, 'Evolution of plants and animals - How did they arrive?', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 28 September 2023)

Story by Matt McGlone, published 24 Sep 2007