This map shows evidence for the distribution of key features of Māori agriculture: modified soils, borrow pits, stone formations (rows, mounds, heaps and alignments), and slope and wetland trenches. All of the modifications are found within the Iwitini or Waenganui regions. Māori modified soils for improved warmth and drainage by adding gravel or sand – borrow pits are the hollows from which the gravel was taken. Stone formations are found where the land was cleared of stones for gardening, or where stones were lined up to mark garden boundaries. Crops may have been grown in some of the rows.
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Source: Louise Furey, Māori gardening: an archaeological perspective. Wellington: Department of Conservation, 2006