Story: Te ohanga onamata a rohe – economic regions

Agricultural modifications

This map shows evidence for the distribution of key features of Māori agriculture: modified soils, borrow pits, stone formations (rows, mounds, heaps and alignments), and slope and wetland trenches. All of the modifications are found within the Iwitini or Waenganui regions. Māori modified soils for improved warmth and drainage by adding gravel or sand – borrow pits are the hollows from which the gravel was taken. Stone formations are found where the land was cleared of stones for gardening, or where stones were lined up to mark garden boundaries. Crops may have been grown in some of the rows.

Using this item

Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand

This item has been provided for private study purposes (such as school projects, family and local history research) and any published reproduction (print or electronic) may infringe copyright law. It is the responsibility of the user of any material to obtain clearance from the copyright holder.

Source: Louise Furey, Māori gardening: an archaeological perspective. Wellington: Department of Conservation, 2006

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

Basil Keane, 'Te ohanga onamata a rohe – economic regions - Iwitini – most populous region', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 4 December 2023)

Story by Basil Keane, published 11 Mar 2010