Story: Te Tiriti o Waitangi – the Treaty of Waitangi

New Zealand Company expedition

New Zealand Company expedition

From the late 1830s the British-based New Zealand Company actively recruited settlers to colonise New Zealand. Its first settlement was in Te Whanganui-a-Tara, which settlers called Port Nicholson (later Wellington), in January 1840. This painting shows the company’s vessels exploring the harbour at Tasman’s Gulf (later Nelson) in 1841, in preparation for a second settlement. These ambitious and sometimes unscrupulous commercial activities put pressure on the British government to sign a treaty with Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: B-043-018
Watercolour by Charles Heaphy

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Claudia Orange, 'Te Tiriti o Waitangi – the Treaty of Waitangi - Creating te Tiriti o Waitangi – the Treaty of Waitangi', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 13 July 2024)

Story by Claudia Orange, published 20 Jun 2012, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2023 with assistance from Claudia Orange