Story: Te Tiriti o Waitangi – the Treaty of Waitangi

Burning of the Boyd, 1809

Burning of the Boyd, 1809

Conflicts such as the 1809 attack on the sailing ship Boyd disrupted trading and other contact between Māori and Europeans in the period before te Tiriti o Waitangi (the Treaty of Waitangi) was signed. While the Boyd was anchored in Whangaroa Harbour, north of the Bay of Islands, local Māori killed most of the crew and passengers in retaliation for the mistreatment of a young rangatira, Te Ara, who had sailed on the ship. European whalers avenged the attack, sparking intertribal warfare. The Boyd incident provoked anxious debate among New South Wales officials, and among Māori, about how to maintain order in New Zealand.

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Auckland Art Gallery – Toi o Tāmaki
Oil painting by Walter Wright

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How to cite this page:

Claudia Orange, 'Te Tiriti o Waitangi – the Treaty of Waitangi - Creating te Tiriti o Waitangi – the Treaty of Waitangi', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/artwork/36337/burning-of-the-boyd-1809 (accessed 24 April 2024)

Story by Claudia Orange, published 20 Jun 2012, reviewed & revised 28 Mar 2023 with assistance from Claudia Orange