This rough sketch map was produced in 1873 during an investigation into the killing of farm labourer Timothy Sullivan [note: the bottom of the map is north and the top is south].
In February 1873 Sullivan and two others were working on land adjacent to the Waikato confiscation boundary that had been leased to a European settler. Ownership of the land was disputed. A hapū of Ngāti Hauā claimed ownership but, in line with King movement practice, had boycotted the Native Land Court hearing – meaning the land was awarded to other claimants, who then leased it out. At first, cattle and sheep were removed from the land or killed by Ngāti Hauā to signal their opposition to the lease. These actions did not deter the leaseholder, who continued to develop the land. Mohi Hotuhotu Purukutu and Hori Te Tumu of Ngāti Hauā retaliated by killing Sullivan, who, unlike his companions, was unable to reach the safety of the confiscation line before he was overtaken.
Purukutu, Te Tumu and others present during the killing then went to Tokangamutu (near present-day Te Kūiti), beyond the reach of European law. Though Ngāti Maniapoto leaders disapproved of their actions, the men were not surrendered and they were never apprehended, demonstrating the government's impotence in the region at this time.
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Reference: Appendices to the Journals of the House of Representatives, 1873, G-3
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