Story: Primary health care


This document certified that Thomas Morland Hocken had been admitted to the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1859 – this meant that he was a qualified doctor. Certification processes like this helped orthodox doctors gain control of primary health care.

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Hocken Library, University of Otago
Reference: S11-042c

Permission of the Hocken Library Uare Taoka o Hakena, University of Otago, must be obtained before any re-use of this image. Further information may be obtained from the Library through its website.

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How to cite this page:

Michael Belgrave, 'Primary health care - Establishing medical control, late 19th and early 20th centuries', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 3 December 2021)

Story by Michael Belgrave, published 5 May 2011, reviewed & revised 4 Apr 2019