Story: Southland region

Page 14. Facts and figures

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(Includes Stewart Island)

Land area

  • Southland: 34,347 sq km
  • New Zealand: 268, 690 sq km

Climate (Invercargill)

(National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research data, 1981–2010)

  • Mean temperature, January: 14.2°C
  • Mean temperature, July: 5.3°C
  • Mean annual rainfall: 1,149 mm
  • Mean annual sunshine: 1,682 hours

Total population, 2006 and 2013

  • Southland: 90,876 (2006); 93,339  (2013)
  • New Zealand: 4,027,947 (2006); 4,242,051 (2013)

Ethnic affiliation, 2013

(Multiple responses allowed)

European

  • Southland: 89.0%
  • New Zealand: 74.0%

Māori

  • Southland: 13.0%
  • New Zealand: 14.9%

Pacific Island

  • Southland: 2.1%
  • New Zealand: 7.4%

Asian (including Indian)

  • Southland: 3.2%
  • New Zealand: 11.8%

Middle Eastern, Latin American, African

  • Southland: 0.4%
  • New Zealand: 1.2%

Principal tribes and sub-tribes

Ngāi Tahu, Ngāti Māmoe, Waitaha

Population of major urban area, 2013

Invercargill: 47,892

Age distribution, 2013

Under 15

  • Southland: 20.6%
  • New Zealand: 20.4%

15–64

  • Southland: 63.7%
  • New Zealand: 65.3%

65 and over

  • Southland: 15.7%
  • New Zealand: 14.3%

Employment by industry, 2013

(Figures are for workers aged 15 and over, in selected industries in which the region’s employment pattern is most distinctive)

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

  • Southland: 17.0%
  • New Zealand: 5.7%

Manufacturing

  • Southland: 16.8%
  • New Zealand: 10.9%

Professional, scientific and technical services

  • Southland: 3.6%
  • New Zealand: 7.8%

Unemployment, 2013

  • Southland: 4.7%
  • New Zealand: 7.1%

Livestock numbers, 2012

Sheep

  • Southland: 4,356,427
  • New Zealand: 31,262,715

Dairy cattle

  • Southland: 670,581
  • New Zealand: 6,445,681

Beef cattle

  • Southland: 172,150
  • New Zealand: 3,734,412
How to cite this page:

David Grant, 'Southland region - Facts and figures', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/southland-region/page-14 (accessed 18 October 2019)

Story by David Grant, published 8 Sep 2008, updated 25 May 2015