Story: Citizenship

Becoming a citizen (1st of 3)

Becoming a citizen

The custom that recently naturalised new citizens swear allegiance to the Queen and loyalty to New Zealand at public ceremonies began in 1955. At these ceremonies new citizens are presented with certificates by the local mayor, join in singing ‘God defend New Zealand’ and enjoy the mayor’s hospitality. This photograph shows the first naturalisation ceremony held in Wellington. Miroslav Josef Smutny, born in Czechoslovakia, submits his naturalisation certificate for signing by the mayor, R. L. Macalister, and a representative of the Department of Internal Affairs, Ted Fairway.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library, Dominion Post Collection (PAColl-7327)
Reference: EP/1955/1044

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

All images & media in this story

How to cite this page:

David Green, 'Citizenship - Becoming a citizen', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/938/becoming-a-citizen (accessed 16 October 2019)

Story by David Green, published 8 Feb 2005