By the early 20th century Ngāi Tūhoe had lost most of their land through government policies. Much of that land was either in private hands or under administration by government agencies; for example, the Department of Conservation administered the Urewera National Park (1956–2014). A claim to the Waitangi Tribunal sought redress for these losses. There were 33 claimant groups, most of whom were Ngāi Tūhoe. In November 2003 tribunal hearings began at Tātaiahape marae, Waimana. Each month the venue moved to a different Tūhoe community. This photograph was taken at a hearing held at Waimako marae, Waikaremoana, in October 2004. In 2014, under the Ngāi Tūhoe Treaty of Waitangi settlement, the national park was disestablished and the area came under the administration of Te Urewera Board. This was an acknowledgement of the importance of Te Urewera to Tūhoe.
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Photograph by Keri Turuwhenua
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