Story: Te Arawa

Tarawera landmarks (1st of 3)

Tarawera landmarks

When Mt Tarawera erupted in the early hours of 10 June 1886, tourists were asleep in Te Wairoa hotels and Māori were settled in their houses. When pelting mud landed on roofs, many buildings collapsed, crushing those inside. In all, over 100 died in the Tarawera eruption, which remains the largest volcanic eruption since European settlement. The devastation unleashed onto the surrounding countryside can still be seen in this photograph, taken 17 years after the event. It shows Mt Tarawera, Lake Rotomahana and the Waimangu Valley craters. By the early 2000s, the raw mud-splattered hills evident in 1903 were covered in regenerating native bush.

Using this item

Alexander Turnbull Library
Reference: PAColl-5584-33
Photograph by Henry Winkelmann

Permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand, Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa, must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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How to cite this page:

Paora Tapsell, 'Te Arawa - The Tarawera eruption', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, (accessed 25 July 2024)

Story by Paora Tapsell, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 1 Mar 2017