Story: Sports medicine and drugs

Stephen Swart, cyclist and whistleblower

Stephen Swart, cyclist and whistleblower

Former professional cyclist Stephen Swart is shown here with his wife, Jan, in December 2012. Swart revealed that while riding for the Motorola team in 1995, he and other team mates had taken the banned performance enhancing substance EPO. In 2012 he gave evidence to the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) that helped expose US cyclist Lance Armstrong, seven times winner of the Tour de France, as a drug cheat. This investigation led to Armstrong being stripped of his seven Tour de France titles.

Download the document to read Swart's affidavit to the USADA, dated 17 September 2012, which became part of the USADA's 'reasoned decision'. Swart's evidence showed that his team mate US cyclist Lance Armstrong had been involved in drug cheating while riding for the Motorola team in 1995.

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New Zealand Herald
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Photograph by Greg Bowker

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How to cite this page:

Peter Clayworth, 'Sports medicine and drugs - History of drug cheating', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/41429/stephen-swart-cyclist-and-whistleblower (accessed 23 October 2021)

Story by Peter Clayworth, published 5 Sep 2013